• GAIF

Low-Income population Challenges: Summary


Low-income populations face challenges such as access to resources. The World Health Organization (WHO) (2011) argues Income, education, employment, housing, healthcare, social networks, disabilities, Indigeneity and social status are determinants of health; which also determine the quality of life and life expectancy. Low-income populations do not have equal access to health care, education, income and employment opportunities; and do not receive the related services that they require to live meaningfully. Low-income populations, therefore, experience exclusion, discrimination, stereotyping, labelling and stigma from everyday life activities. The individual support needs for a low-income population can be diverse and varies. The nature and degree of their AGE, RACE, GENDER, ETHNICITY, SEXUAL ORIENTATION, ABILITIES, SOCIAL AND INCOME STATUS, SOCIAL NETWORKS, FAMILY STATUS, impact the determination of resources, services and supports required, including access to healthy foods, water, air quality, neighbourhood and employment. For children living in low-income households, this goes to impact their health and future negatively systemically and socially. Thus, low-income populations experience considerable gaps in access to quality services and support due to variables such as age, functional limitations, physical and mental health (Sullivan et al., 2011). WHO (2011) suggests the work of non-profit organizations and community social services are impacted by funding cuts and limited coverage from governments, thus negatively affecting the rights of low-income populations to fully participate socially and economically. Low-income populations, therefore, experience negative socioeconomic factors such as income inequality, unemployment, low social status and limited social networks which are known to be a significant determinant of health. Enforced Isolation by governments has exacerbated the quality of life of LOW-INCOME POPULATIONS leading to significant challenges in FOOD SECURITY, MENTAL HEALTH, ABUSE, TRAUMA and REDUCED LIFE EXPECTANCY!!!


References

Canada House of Commons: Standing Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social

Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities. (2017). Alleviating poverty

among Canadians living with chronic disabilities: Retrieved from

http://www.ourcommons.ca/Content/Committee/421/HUMA/Brief/BR8852440/br-

external/EveryCanadianCounts-e.pdf


Sullivan, W. F., Berg, J. M., Bradley, E., Cheetham, T., Denton, R., Heng, J., Hennen, B., Joyce, D., Kelly, M., Korossy, M., Lunsky, Y., & McMillan, S. (2011). Primary care of adults

with developmental disabilities. Canadian Family Physician, 57, 541.


World Bank, & World Health Organization. (2011). World report on disability. Geneva,

Switzerland: World Health Organization World Health Organization (2017). The social determinants of health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/social_determinants/sdh_definition/en

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